Phonics- EYFS and Key Stage One

Children in Reception are taught the ‘Pure’ letter sounds with an accompanying key word or action. We follow the ‘Sound Reading System’ (SRS) programme and teach the sounds in the order laid out within the programme. We initially teach single sounds- TOPMAN followed by sounds remaining sounds represented by single letters.

Once the single letter sounds have been learnt, children are taught to blend 2 and then 3 sounds together to form words. Similarly, we work on segmenting words into their component sounds and then blending them together again.

Next, children are taught that a sound may be represented by two or more letters. e.g. sh th ch ck

Children then learn that the same sound may be represented by more than one spelling: e.g /ee/ as in happy sweet key team field

This work is started in Reception and continued into Year 1 and Year 2.

Children in Year 2 then learn that the same spelling may represent more than one sound. e.g /o/ as in hot, /o-e/ as in open, /oo/ as in to

Children are also taught about capital letters and how these relate to lower case letters.

Phonics forms the basis of our early reading programme and the children have opportunities to practise these skills on a daily basis. The reading books they take home are also carefully selected so that children can use these phonic skills to decode words and be successful in early reading.

Reading schemes in the EYFS and Key Stage One

We use the Oxford Reading Tree as our Core Reading Scheme. When children are confident identifying single letter sounds and have a good understanding of the relationship between an object and its initial sound, a textless book is sent home. These books encourage children to develop their story telling skills as they share a book with an adult.

Children are given post it notes/ prompts with the main characters’ names on so that these can be learnt by sight.

Children then share a book with an adult at school and are encouraged to read this at home too (see homework policy). Parents and Carers can record progress in a Reading Diary which is also used by members of staff. In this way, an overall picture of a child’s reading skills can be obtained.

The other Reading Schemes used alongside ORT are “Jelly and Bean” and Phonics Bug where the books are entirely decodable.

The ORT books are carefully graded to build on prior learning, practise taught skills and develop sight vocabulary. We have a very wide range of these books in each of the different categories e.g. “First Words” “Phonics” and “Decode and Develop” and the children are encouraged to choose their own books according to those particular skills they are working on.